From the Canyon Edge -- :-Dustin

Monday, May 16, 2016

Byobu Hollywood Melodrama and Ubuntu Featured on NBCNews!

A few years ago, I wrote and released a fun little script that would carve up an Ubuntu Byobu terminal into a bunch of splits, running various random command line status utilities.

100% complete technical mumbo jumbo.  The goal was to turn your terminal into something that belongs in a Hollywood hacker film.

I am proud to see it included in this NBCNews piece about "Ransomware".  All of the screenshots, demonstrating what a "hacker" is doing with a system are straight from Ubuntu, Byobu, and Hollywood!

Here are a few screenshots, and the video is embedded below...


Monday, May 9, 2016

The Parable of MudFootball and RideSharing in Austin, Texas

Once upon a time, we were all having the most fun ever, in Austin, Texas, playing mudfootball!

Everyone got to play. We took turns. No one got hurt. It was great.  It was a happy time.  Everybody wins in mudfootball!

But a couple of kids didn't like some of the rules of mudfootball, so they suggested changing them. We all listened to their new proposed rules, and put it to a vote.

Some players (like me) were cool with the new proposed rules, but after the vote, it turned out that the majority preferred the existing rules.

So a few of the kids got mad and left :-( But more than just that, they were sort of bratty, and they took their football with them.

Now, the rest of us are kind of sad and muddy and want to play more mudfootball but the ball went away. Oh well...

Hopefully the mad kids change their mind and come back and play!  Otherwise, I guess we'll have to go find a new football to play with?


p.s. I really, really, really hope Uber and Lyft remain in Austin!  The City of Austin requires:
(1) fingerprint based background checks,
(2) no dropoffs/pickups in active lanes of traffic, and
(3) placards marking a car as an Uber/Lyft vehicle.
That's pretty much it.  Please come back, Uber and Lyft!

Using Containers to Create the World's Fastest OpenStack

Below you can find the audio/video recording of my OpenStack Austin presentation, where I demonstrated Ubuntu OpenStack Mitaka, running on top of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, entirely within LXD machine containers.  You can also download the PDF of the slides here.  And there are a number of other excellent talks here!


Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Canonical and IBM Webinar -- Ubuntu on POWER and LinuxOne

I'm delighted to share the slides from our joint IBM and Canonical webinar about Ubuntu on IBM POWER8 and LinuxOne servers.  You can download the PDF here, watch the recording here, or tab through the slides or watch the video embedded below.  Enjoy!


Sunday, April 24, 2016

Keep OpenStack Weird

The OpenStack Summit in Austin has already kicked off, and this time, Ubuntu is the official lanyard sponsor at OpenStack Summit Austin.

The sponsorship contract for the OpenStack Summit explicitly states that only the official lanyard sponsor may distribute lanyards. Whilst we understand the reason that clause is there, we don't agree with it. It just doesn't seem very "open" nor in the spirit of OpenStack.

Freedom of choice is an important aspect of all open source communities and one that we certainly champion, so attendees should be free to wear whatever branded lanyard they want with pride at the OpenStack Summit in Austin and we at Canonical will celebrate it.  My hometown here, Austin, prides itself on diversity, where we like to Keep Austin Weird!

So please -- partners, customers, competitors, other OpenStack Sponsors: if you want to distribute your own lanyards then please go ahead safe in the knowledge that Canonical will not complain to the conference organizers.  Let's Keep OpenStack (a little bit) Weird, too!

See you there!

Wednesday, April 20, 2016

By the numbers: Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

I happen to have a full mirror of the entire Ubuntu Xenial archive here on a local SSD, and I took the opportunity to run a few numbers...
  • 6: This is our 6th Ubuntu LTS
    • 6.06, 8.04, 10.04, 12.04, 14.04, 16.04
  • 7: With Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, we're supporting 7 CPU architectures
    • armhf, arm64, i386, amd64, powerpc, ppc64el, s390x
  • 25,671: Ubuntu 16.04 LTS is comprised of 25,671 source packages
    • main, universe, restricted, multiverse
  • 150,562+: Over 150,562 (and counting!) cloud instances of Xenial have launched to date
    • and we haven't even officially released yet!
  • 216,475: A complete archive of all binary .deb packages in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS consists of 216,475 debs.
    • 24,803 arch independent
    • 27,159 armhf
    • 26,845 arm64
    • 28,730 i386
    • 28,902 amd64
    • 27,061 powerpc
    • 26,837 ppc64el
    • 26,138 s390x
  • 1,426,792,926: A total line count of all source packages in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS using cloc yields 1,426,792,926 total lines of source code
  • 250,478,341,568: A complete archive all debs, all architectures in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS requires 250GB of disk space
Yes, that's 1.4 billion lines of source code comprising the entire Ubuntu 16.04 LTS archive.  What an amazing achievement of open source development!

Perhaps my fellow nerds here might be interested in a breakdown of all 1.4 billion lines across 25K source packages, and throughout 176 different programming languages, as measured by Al Danial's cloc utility.  Interesting data!

You can see the full list here.  What further insight can you glean?


Thursday, April 14, 2016

Docker 1.10 with Fan Networking in Ubuntu 16.04, for Every Architecture!

I'm thrilled to introduce Docker 1.10.3, available on every Ubuntu architecture, for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, and announce the General Availability of Ubuntu Fan Networking!

That's Ubuntu Docker binaries and Ubuntu Docker images for:
  • armhf (rpi2, et al. IoT devices)
  • arm64 (Cavium, et al. servers)
  • i686 (does anyone seriously still run 32-bit intel servers?)
  • amd64 (most servers and clouds under the sun)
  • ppc64el (OpenPower and IBM POWER8 machine learning super servers)
  • s390x (IBM System Z LinuxOne super uptime mainframes)
That's Docker-Docker-Docker-Docker-Docker-Docker, from the smallest Raspberry Pi's to the biggest IBM mainframes in the world today!  Never more than one 'sudo apt install' command away.

Moreover, we now have Docker running inside of LXD!  Containers all the way down.  Application containers (e.g. Docker), inside of Machine containers (e.g. LXD), inside of Virtual Machines (e.g. KVM), inside of a public or private cloud (e.g. Azure, OpenStack), running on bare metal (take your pick).

Let's have a look at launching a Docker application container inside of a LXD machine container:

kirkland@x250:~⟫ lxc launch ubuntu-daily:x -p default -p docker
Creating magical-damion
Starting magical-damion
kirkland@x250:~⟫ lxc list | grep RUNNING
| magical-damion | RUNNING | (eth0) |      | PERSISTENT | 0         |
kirkland@x250:~⟫ lxc exec magical-damion bash
root@magical-damion:~# apt update >/dev/null 2>&1 ; apt install -y >/dev/null 2>&1 
root@magical-damion:~# docker run -it ubuntu bash
Unable to find image 'ubuntu:latest' locally
latest: Pulling from library/ubuntu
759d6771041e: Pull complete 
8836b825667b: Pull complete 
c2f5e51744e6: Pull complete 
a3ed95caeb02: Pull complete 
Digest: sha256:b4dbab2d8029edddfe494f42183de20b7e2e871a424ff16ffe7b15a31f102536
Status: Downloaded newer image for ubuntu:latest
root@0577bd7d5db1:/# ifconfig eth0
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 02:42:ac:11:00:02  
          inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
          inet6 addr: fe80::42:acff:fe11:2/64 Scope:Link
          RX packets:16 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:8 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:1296 (1.2 KB)  TX bytes:648 (648.0 B)

Oh, and let's talk about networking...  We're also pleased to announce the general availability of Ubuntu Fan networking -- specially designed to connect all of your Docker containers spread across your network.  Ubuntu's Fan networking feature is an easy way to make every Docker container on your local network easily addressable by every other Docker host and container on the same network.  It's high performance, super simple, utterly deterministic, and we've tested it on every major public cloud as well as OpenStack and our private networks.

Simply installing Ubuntu's Docker package will also install the ubuntu-fan package, which provides an interactive setup script, fanatic, should you choose to join the Fan.  Simply run 'sudo fanatic' and answer the questions.  You can trivially revert your Fan networking setup easily with 'sudo fanatic deconfigure'.

kirkland@x250:~$ sudo fanatic 
Welcome to the fanatic fan networking wizard.  This will help you set
up an example fan network and optionally configure docker and/or LXD to
use this network.  See fanatic(1) for more details.
Configure fan underlay (hit return to accept, or specify alternative) []: 
Configure fan overlay (hit return to accept, or specify alternative) []: 
Create LXD networking for underlay: overlay: [Yn]: n
Create docker networking for underlay: overlay: [Yn]: Y
Test docker networking for underlay: overlay:
(NOTE: potentially triggers large image downloads) [Yn]: Y
local docker test: creating test container ...
test master: ping test ( ...
test slave: ping test ( ...
test master: ping test ... PASS
test master: short data test ( -> ...
test slave: ping test ... PASS
test slave: short data test ( -> ...
test master: short data ... PASS
test slave: short data ... PASS
test slave: long data test ( -> ...
test master: long data test ( -> ...
test master: long data ... PASS
test slave: long data ... PASS
local docker test: destroying test container ...
local docker test: test complete PASS (master=0 slave=0)
This host IP address:

I've run 'sudo fanatic' here on a couple of machines on my network -- x250 ( and masterbr (, and now I'm going to launch a Docker container on each of those two machines, obtain each IP address on the Fan (250.x.y.z), install iperf, and test the connectivity and bandwidth between each of them (on my gigabit home network).  You'll see that we'll get 900mbps+ of throughput:

kirkland@x250:~⟫ sudo docker run -it ubuntu bash
root@c22cf0d8e1f7:/#  apt update >/dev/null 2>&1 ; apt install -y iperf >/dev/null 2>&1
root@c22cf0d8e1f7:/#  ifconfig eth0
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 02:42:fa:00:2d:00  
          inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
          inet6 addr: fe80::42:faff:fe00:2d00/64 Scope:Link
          RX packets:6423 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:4120 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:22065202 (22.0 MB)  TX bytes:227225 (227.2 KB)

root@c22cf0d8e1f7:/# iperf -c
multicast ttl failed: Invalid argument
Client connecting to, TCP port 5001
TCP window size: 45.0 KByte (default)
[  3] local port 54274 connected with port 5001
[ ID] Interval       Transfer     Bandwidth
[  3]  0.0-10.0 sec  1.05 GBytes   902 Mbits/sec

And the second machine:
kirkland@masterbr:~⟫ sudo docker run -it ubuntu bash
root@effc8fe2513d:/#  apt update >/dev/null 2>&1 ; apt install -y iperf >/dev/null 2>&1
root@effc8fe2513d:/#  ifconfig eth0
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 02:42:fa:00:08:00  
          inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
          inet6 addr: fe80::42:faff:fe00:800/64 Scope:Link
          RX packets:7659 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:3433 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:22131852 (22.1 MB)  TX bytes:189875 (189.8 KB)

root@effc8fe2513d:/# iperf -s
Server listening on TCP port 5001
TCP window size: 85.3 KByte (default)
[  4] local port 5001 connected with port 54274
[ ID] Interval       Transfer     Bandwidth
[  4]  0.0-10.0 sec  1.05 GBytes   899 Mbits/sec

Finally, let's have another long hard look at the image from the top of this post.  Download it in full resolution to study very carefully what's happening here, because it's pretty [redacted] amazing!

Here, we have a Byobu session, split into 6 panes (Shift-F2 5x Times, Shift-F8 6x times).  In each pane, we have an SSH session to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS servers spread across 6 different architectures -- armhf, arm64, i686, amd64, ppc64el, and s390x.  I used the Shift-F9 key to simultaneously run the same commands in each and every window.  Here are the commands I ran:

lxc launch ubuntu-daily:x -p default -p docker
lxc list | grep RUNNING
uname -a
dpkg -l | grep
sudo docker images | grep -m1 ubuntu
sudo docker run -it ubuntu bash
 apt update >/dev/null 2>&1 ; apt install -y net-tools >/dev/null 2>&1
 ifconfig eth0

That's right.  We just launched Ubuntu LXD containers, as well as Docker containers against every Ubuntu 16.04 LTS architecture.  How's that for Ubuntu everywhere!?!

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS will be one hell of a release!